Train-the-Trainer Program on Consensus Building and Negotiation for Strategic Environmental Assessment in MozambiqueThis Train-the-Trainers Programme on Consensus-building and Negotiation for Strategic Environmental Assessment in Mozambique is part of a larger cooperation project between the Sustainability Challenge Foundation (SCF) and the Netherlands Commission for Environmental Assessment (NCEA).
- the design of a simulation on Strategic Environmental Assessment;
- the production of a Trainer’s Manual;
- the translation of training materials in French, Spanish and Portuguese;
- the delivery of a number of training programs in Africa and elsewhere.
The training programs focus on the application of the Mutual Gains Approach to negotiation (MGA) in decision-making processes in which Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) plays a role.
The language of the first training program in Mozambique will be Portuguese. At the end the first training program an evaluation of the training materials will be carried out.Goal, Objectives and Products
The goal of the overall project is to increase the capacity of individuals involved in SEA processes to reach sustainable agreements. To that end, local trainers with prior knowledge of EIA and SEA will be trained to deliver training programs on negotiation and consensus building in the context of SEA.
The goals of the Train-the-Trainers Programs are therefore:
- To develop the training capacity of existing trainers by increasing their in-depth knowledge of, and experience with, the Mutual Gains Approach to negotiation and with SEA;
- To maximize the impact of the trainers by stimulating demand for and use of trainers by SEA/EIA agencies and stakeholders through participant networks and promotion activities;
- To underscore the importance of organisational and institutional capacity building. It is not enough to rely on the skills of a few exceptional individuals with remarkable leadership abilities.
SEA as a tool for achieving long-term sustainability requires the continued enhancement of the underlying capacity of governmental agencies, grass roots organizations, business associations, and academic institutions in every country. The first training program will bring together 16 participants from Mozambique. The curriculum of the Train-The-Trainers program has been designed to assure a maximum of exposure to the theory of SEA and MGA and to the practical application of SEA and MGA.
The training program combines lectures, exercises, case studies and simulations. The training program is divided in two parts: an Intensive 5-day course and a follow-up meeting of three days. During the period in between the courses, participants deliver their own training program under the supervision of an SCF/NCEA coach.
Strategic Environmental Assessment and the Mutual Gains Approach
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) processes and, to a lesser extent, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) processes, are negotiation processes with groups of stakeholders. The Netherlands Commission on Environmental Assessment defines SEA as: a way to bring people together in planning processes, and structure and feed their debate on the environmental consequences of strategic choices. The Commission points out that the SEA process should:
structure the public and government debate in the preparation of policies, plans and programs;
feed this debate through a robust assessment of the environmental and, where required, other consequences;
ensure that the results of assessment and debate are taken into account during decision-making and implementation.
To make SEA work, the Commission notes that “public participation, transparency and good quality information are key principles”. EIA processes share many of the same characteristics, with a primary focus on projects rather than plans, programs or policies. Given this perspective on SEA and EIA goals and process, it is clear that SEA and EIA are not only technical but also political/policy processes, involving expert judgments on facts, risks and impacts, and also the perspectives, interests and values of a wide range of stakeholders who may be affected by the results of an EIA or SEA.
In its 2006 Guidelines “Applying Strategic Environmental Assessment” the OECD emphasizes the link between Millennium Development Goal 7 and SEA: SEA provides a practical and direct means of progressing MDG 7 on Environmental Sustainability (agreed at the UN General Assembly in 2000). This calls for the “integration of the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs”. For EIA and SEA to produce both technically and politically sustainable outcomes, EIA and SEA participants need strong negotiation and consensus building skills.
The proposed Train-the-Trainers programs will provide participants with these skills, applying the Mutual Gains Approach to negotiation (MGA). The concepts and skills that are part of the MGA, such as separating positions from interests, inventing without committing, brainstorming, caucusing, creating value, etc. can greatly benefit participants in SEA and EIA processes. MGA was developed by the Consensus Building Institute (CBI) and others and builds on the theory and techniques elaborated during the past 30 years by the Harvard Program on Negotiation.
Since its foundation in the early 90’s, CBI applies MGA to a wide array of public policy conflicts like those related to environmental issues and sustainable development. CBI is one of the founding members of the Sustainability Challenge Foundation (SCF). SCF has refined the MGA for sustainable development issues in collaboration with Dutch and other international counterparts over the last 17 years.
Participant Selection and Criteria
The 16 participants of the Train-the-Trainers program will be selected by NCEA and SCF together with IMPFA and AMAIA in Mozambique. Participants will be a mix of public and private actors, including NGO's, academics and from the private sector and from international organizations working in Mozambique.
A reserve list will be kept of four qualified candidates. NCEA, IMPFA and AMAIA will contact organizations in Mozambique with relevant experience to propose candidates. Participants are already skilled trainers and have some background in sustainable development issues. In the training curriculum presented in this proposal it is assumed that participants have general training skills. The ideal candidate fullfils a combination of the following criteria:
works for an institution that provides training/capacity building for SEA/EIA agencies and stakeholders, or has commitments to do so following the development of training capacity;
has one of the following disciplinary backgrounds (mix to be assured): economics, (marine) ecology, sociology, agricultural sciences, forestry, engineering, law, management, territorial planning, political science;
has obtained a higher education degree or similar;
holds a senior position or is a skilled, promising young trainer with a good network, who sees this as an opportunity to make a career change to help the country move towards a sustainable society;
has good training capacities (experience as a trainer; motivated to work with groups; charisma);
has good communication skills;
is involved in real-life situations that could benefit from the application of MGA;
has some knowledge of SEA/EIA;
language skills: Portuguese – fluent; English – good.
A trial-lesson or interview may be introduced as part of the selection procedure. Some participants will be offered the opportunity to attend the International Program on the Management of Sustainability (IPMS) in The Netherlands. They must speak English well and be selected by an SCF sponsor. SCF will propose all eligible participants to the sponsors.
Support from employers; time commitment. It is a prerequisite that prior to entering the program, participants secure full support from their superiors and the guarantee that they will be allowed to spend the time needed on this training. Employers will have to confirm that participants keep their positions while following the program.
They will also be asked to confirm that participants, as part of their own training, will be allowed to organize a training session for members of the national EIA Association. This training must be offered free of charge in employers’ time. Successful completion of the program should have a positive effect on the future evaluation of job performance and contribute to the chances of being promoted. The total time commitment of participants in 1 year is a minimum of 18 days:
Training 5 + 3 = 8 days
Teaching 3 days
Preparation 3 days
Coaching (partly individual partly as trainers group) 1 day
Feedback 1 day
Travel 2 days
If the person also participates in IPMS, 7 days must be added.
Materials Database, Participants Database, Web Support
The teaching materials developed for the program, including the Trainer’s Manual, will be made available for participants on the IMPFA, AMAIA or MICOA websites or the Dgroups website if the IMPFA, AMAIA or MICOA sites are not operational in time. A database of participants, alumni and partner organizations in different countries will also be made available on the website.
During the period in between the two training sessions, the website will be used for coaching of participants as they prepare their own training programs. The SCF website will have a link to the SEA TTT website.
|30 Oct 2011 - 04 Nov 2011|
|Mumemo Conference Center, Mumemo, Maputo|
|AMAIA & IMPFA|
|NCEA & MICOA|
|Netherlands Commission on Environmental Assessment (NCEA)|
|27 to 29 August 2013|
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Closure part I
Follow-up meeting August 2013